How to, uh, turn windows 8 off

     

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What should you bởi vì when you’re finished using your computer for the moment?

Millions of people shut their PCs off, but they shouldn’t; it’s a colossal waste of time. When you shut down, you have to lớn wait for all your programs to close—and then the next morning, you have lớn reopen everything, reposition your windows, & get everything back the way you had it.

You shouldn’t just leave your computer on all the time, either. That’s a massive waste of electricity, a security risk, và a black mark for the environment.

What you should vị is put your machine to lớn sleep. Usually, you vày that by pressing the physical power button, và that’s that. If it’s a laptop, just close the lid.


The Sleep/Shut Down/Restart Commands


If you really want to vày the sleeping or shutting down thing using the onscreen commands, you’ll have to learn their new locations.

For years, Microsoft was ridiculed for a peculiarity of the Windows design: khổng lồ shut down your PC, you had to click a button called Start.

Not anymore. The “Shut down” command is now available in two places: in the Charms bar (TileWorld only), và in the secret thực đơn (TileWorld and desktop).


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Figure 1-9. To shut down your computer, open the Charms bar (left). (Swipe inward from the right side, or press +C.) Click Settings. Right: On the Settings panel, select Power, & then “Shut down.”


As shown in Figure 1-9, shutting down is only one of the options for finishing your work session. Here are your others.


Sleep


In the olden days, Windows offered a command called Standby. This special state of PC consciousness reduced the amount of electricity the computer used, putting it in suspended animation until you used the mouse or keyboard to begin working again. Whatever programs or documents you were working on remained in memory.

When using a laptop on battery power, Standby was a real boon. When the flight attendant handed over your microwaved chicken teriyaki, you could take a break without closing all your programs or shutting down the computer.

Unfortunately, there were two big problems with Standby, especially for laptops. First, the PC still drew a trickle of power nguồn this way. If you didn’t use your laptop for a few days, the battery would silently go dead—and everything you had xuất hiện and unsaved would be lost forever. Second, drivers or programs sometimes interfered with Standby, so your laptop remained on even though it was closed inside your carrying case. Your plane would land on the opposite coast, you’d pull out the laptop for the big meeting, & you’d discover that (a) the thing was roasting hot, & (b) the battery was dead.

The command is now called Sleep, và it doesn’t present those problems anymore. First, drivers và applications are no longer allowed to interrupt the Sleep process. No more Hot máy tính xách tay Syndrome.

Second, the instant you put the computer lớn sleep, Windows quietly transfers a copy of everything in memory into an invisible tệp tin on the hard drive. But it still keeps everything alive in memory—the battery provides a tiny trickle of power—in case you return lớn the máy vi tính (or desktop) and want khổng lồ dive back into work.

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If you bởi vì return soon, the next startup is lightning-fast. Everything reappears on the screen faster than you can say, “Redmond, Washington.”

If you don’t return shortly, then Windows eventually cuts power, abandoning what it had memorized in RAM. (You control when this happens using the advanced power nguồn plan settings described on Recovery.) Now your computer is using no power at all; it’s in hibernate mode.

Fortunately, Windows still has the hard drive copy of your work environment. So now when you tap a key to lớn wake the computer, you may have to wait 30 seconds or so—not as fast as 2 seconds, but certainly better than the 5 minutes it would take khổng lồ start up, reopen all your programs, reposition your document windows, and so on.

The bottom line: When you’re done working for the moment—or for the day—put your computer to sleep instead of shutting it down. You save power, you save time, & you don’t risk any data loss.

You can send a laptop to sleep just by closing the lid. On any kind of computer, you can trigger Sleep by clicking Sleep in the Charms bar (Figure 1-9), or by pushing the PC’s power nguồn button, if you’ve set it up that way.


This is what most people would điện thoại tư vấn “really, really off.” When you shut down your PC, Windows quits all mở cửa programs, offers you the opportunity to save any unsaved documents, exits Windows, & turns off the computer.

In Windows 8, starting up after a full shutdown is a lot faster than before, thanks to lớn something Microsoft calls Hybrid Boot. (It combines elements of Hibernation mode with the full shutdown mode, in an effort lớn save you time the next time you start up.)

Still, there’s almost no reason to lớn shut down your PC anymore. Sleep is almost always better all the way around.

The only exceptions have to bởi vì with hardware installation. Anytime you have to open up the PC khổng lồ make a change (installing memory, hard drives, or sound or video cards), or lớn connect something external that doesn’t just use a USB or FireWire (1394) port, you should shut the thing down first.


Tip

If you’re a keyboardy sort of person, you might prefer this faster route lớn shut down: Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete khổng lồ summon the Lock/Switch User screen. Click the

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button in the lower right lớn shut down.


POWER USERS’ CLINIC: Bringing Back the Hibernate Command

Hibernate mode is a lot lượt thích Sleep, except that it doesn’t offer a period during which the computer will wake up instantly. Hibernate equals the second phase of Sleep mode, in which your working world is saved to lớn the hard drive. Waking the computer from Hibernate takes about 30 seconds.

In an effort to lớn make life simpler, Microsoft has hidden the Hibernate command in Windows 8. You won’t find it in the pop-up thực đơn shown in Figure 1-9.

You can bring it back, though.

To get there, xuất hiện the Charms bar (swipe in from the right edge, or press +C), select Search, và type power but.

In the search results, click “Choose what the power buttons do.” Now click “Change settings that are currently unavailable” and authenticate yourself, if necessary (Microsoft’s way of ensuring that only an administrator can change such important settings).

Finally, scroll down until you see “Shutdown settings.” Turn on the “Hibernate: Show in nguồn menu” checkbox. Click “Save changes.”

From now on, the Hibernate option appears in the menu shown in Figure 1-9, just like it did in the good old days.


That’s not just helpful information. The picture is also a pop-up menu. Và its commands all have to vị with switching from one tài khoản to another. (In Windows’ accounts feature, each person who uses this PC gets lớn see her own desktop picture, email account, files, & so on. See Chapter 24.)


Chuyên mục: Tin Tức